Enterprise Environmental Factors
Organizational Process Assets
Two long phrases that convey so little information to the uninitiated.
EEF: Your customers influence how your business behaves — the work your company accepts, the risks you may (have to) tolerate, etc. The industry your business operates within also affects decision-making. For instance, a highly-regulated industry will mandate which records you keep (your Project Management Information System). Further, if you may want to know specific details about who is approved to work on pieces of the project or who approved the work (your Work Authorization System). These are all reflections of the Environment in which the project operates. Environmental Factors.
Because companies consider these factors differently, the PMBOK adds the descriptor “enterprise” to the front, creating the label ” Enterprise Environmental Factors” or, more simply, the culture and work habits of the group doing the project.
OPA: Organizational Process Assets are the knowledge-base of the organization. OPA elements help the group do future work “better, faster, cheaper” to borrow a phrase from NASA. Examples include Lessons Learned and templates.